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Massive PBGC Rate Hikes Force Corporate Debt Binge As Companies Try To Pay Down Pensions

Courtesy of ZeroHedge. View original post here.

As if defined benefit pensions funds weren't fun enough for corporate shareholders, the Pension Benefit Guarantee Corporation (PBGC), the federal entity that backstops pension obligations when companies default, has enacted massive increases in insurance premiums for operating such plans over the past 5 years. 

Ironically, the premiums started to skyrocket during Obama's second term with flat-rate premiums nearly doubling from $35 per participant in 2012 to $69 per participant in 2017.  Moreover, the variable rate premium paid by corporations nearly quadrupled over the same period from $9 per $1,000 of Unfunded Vested Benefits (UVBs) to $34.

Meanwhile, the rate-hike party at the PBGC is hardly over.  Corporate pension operators can expect another 16% and 24% hike in flat and variable-rate premiums, respectively, over just the next two years.  Which should be plenty of money to hire a bunch of new bureaucrats…

Sometimes its the taxes that aren't necessarily called 'taxes' that sting the most.

Of course, companies aren't simply sitting back and accepting the massive 'tax' hikes from the PBGC.  No, instead they're crystallizing their pension debt with real debt.  As the Financial Times notes, investment grade corporate debt is yielding 3.11% today which is a full point less than the 4.2% "premium" companies will have to pay the PBGC on UVB's starting in 2019.

Companies also face a higher penalty on their unfunded pension plans from the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. The premiums are based on the number of employees a company has in its defined benefit pension pool, as well as the size of its deficit. By 2019, that fee is expected to rise to 4.2 per cent, according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

“Only now can companies deal with the problem by issuing bonds at no incremental cost,” said Hans Mikkelsen, a strategist with the bank. “They pay the same or less to service the bonds than the insurance fees. And you know the insurance fees are going to go up.”

Yields on corporate debt remain historically low. Merrill Lynch’s broad investment grade index, shows yields averaging 3.11 per cent.

Joe Nankof, a partner at Rocaton Investment Advisors, said other companies were having the same discussions about raising debt to fund pension contributions, particularly as their deadlines to file tax returns for 2016 nears. Many companies apply for extensions to submit their returns, with that looming on September 15 for some, he said.

In fact, even high-yield borrowing rates are looking attractive compared to the PBGC's surging insurance premiums (a.k.a. "taxes").

HY YTW

And then there is also the chance, however small, that the Trump administration is actually able to lower corporate tax rates thereby reducing the benefit of future tax deductible contributions.

A number of companies are selling bonds and taking advantage of low borrowing costs to support their retirement obligations as corporate treasurers anticipate US tax reform in 2018.

As investors question the Trump administration’s ability to pass comprehensive tax reform, the prospect of lower tax rates next year is motivating an increasing number of companies to boost their pension contributions.

Such payments are tax deductible, allowing companies to lock-in savings at the current 35 per cent rate. Should the Republican-controlled Congress succeed in cutting corporate taxes, future deductions companies can take on pension fund contributions would also fall.

International Paper, the paper and packaging group, motor oil maker Valvoline, and US grocer Kroger have all issued debt to top up unfunded pension plans in recent weeks, according to filings with US securities regulators.

“The math speaks for itself,” Glenn Landau, the chief financial officer of International Paper, told the Financial Times. “That is a tax deductible contribution. And in case of any future tax rate changes — and we don’t know more than you know — it at least locks in the 35 per cent rates we have today.”

The costs of maintaining the nanny state….


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