Posts Tagged ‘Round Numbers’

# Irrational Numbers: Price Clustering & Stop Losses

### Irrational Numbers: Price Clustering & Stop Losses

Courtesy of Tim at The Psy-Fi Blog

Universal Number Theory

One of the odder things about the universe is that the small set of numbers that define its structure, the so-called universal constants, don’t seem to have any structure of their own. You’d have thought that whatever immortal deity breathed life into the whole shebang would have at least have bothered to make sure that reality was defined in simple integer values your average gameshow contestant could remember. Yet someone’s just calculated Pi to more decimal places than you can read in a lifetime. The universe is strangely irrational, it would seem.

More likely, however, is that the irrationality lies in our heads. If you look at the way we treat numbers for investment purposes it’s probably a good job the infinite cosmos is specified in irrational numbers, because if it were otherwise we’d probably have sold it to the lowest bidder eons ago. Humans, it seems, treat numbers as an approximation to reality, unlike reality, which treats humans as an approximation to nothing.

That Friday 13th Feeling

Under standard economic theories one price should be much the same as another but all experienced practitioners know that this isn’t so – some numbers are much more likely to occur than others. Anyone with even a basic appreciation of behavioural psychology would expect no more or no less – people are as arbitrarily inconsistent about numbers as they are about everything else. In western culture, for instance, thirteen has acquired negative connotations to the point where many tower blocks omit the number from their floor numbering plans, presumably on the grounds that the universe can’t count. Beware, for fourteen is the new thirteen. Ha!

Despite the obvious irrationality of ascribing luck to a number many people are petrified of Fridays falling on the thirteenth of the month. Such is the human propensity to translate mental muddle into actual behavioural nonsense that it turns out that more accidents do occur on these days. So either there’s a malevolent demon tripping us up or our incipient fears are causing us to fall over our own feet. Mental confusion in our heads often turns into real problems in the real-world.

Round Number Attractions

It’s no surprise to find this numerological naughtiness feeding across into investment,…

Every profession has its own idiosyncratic superstitions.  In honor of tomorrow being Friday the 13th, I thought this would be a good time to discuss this topic.

Actors performing MacBeth will refer to it only as “The Scottish Play” for fear of being crushed by a stagelight.  Sailors never set foot on a boat with their left foot first.  The baseball player is perhaps the most tormented by ritual, from tapping the bat on home plate to never stepping on a foul line to the prolonged use of a lucky bat or glove way past what its condition warrants.

Traders and investors have their own set of superstitions, and these can seem every bit as silly as those we see in other walks of life.  That said, trading superstitions are very tough to let go of, even for the most logical and circumspect of market players.

Let’s look at a few of them:

Never Sell a Stock Crossing 90 – There is a widely held belief that you never sell a stock you own as it crosses \$90 per share because they almost always go straight to \$100.  This concept is demonstrably specious, but I know 20-year veterans who will never be convinced otherwise.

The Maiden Sacrifice to the Volcano - In times of market turmoil or in the midst of a heavy sell-off, many portfolio managers and investors believe that they have to blow out one position to appease the market gods, tossing a maiden into the volcano so that the island will be spared the wrath.  This thinking is as primitive as you get, but sometimes it feels good to toss out some AK Steel on a down 200 point day only to see the market rally.  If this happens once or twice, logic aside, you will swear by it.

Options Expirations/ Triple Witchings - “Never buy or sell on the third Friday of the month which is when monthly stock options expire.  And no matter what you do, stay away from everything on the four Triple Witching days of the year, when stock option, stock index options and stock indexes futures all expire together.”  Obviously absurd, but deeply ingrained in many investors.

Don’t Go Back Into a Stock the Third Time – This is a variation on the old “sticking your hand

### ValueWalk

#### Bitcoin Investors Buys The Dip But The Dip Kept On Dipping

By Eloise Williams. Originally published at ValueWalk.

In the world of cryptocurrency it is exciting and challenging all at the same time. Investors are realizing that this currency could be the way of the future. But in the recent weeks Bitcoin has dropped a significant amount.

Q4 2021 hedge fund letters, conferences and more

Disclaimer: This is a satirical article.

Investors Dump Money In Bitcoin

Some investors frantically sol...

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### Phil's Favorites

#### Indiscriminate selling

Indiscriminate selling

Courtesy of

There are a few green stocks in the market today, and by “a few”, I mean you can count them on two hands and still have a few fingers left over. To gag yourself with. Those green stocks are things like Kohl’s (a special situation takeover story) and then it’s like grocery stores and shoe cobblers. That’s really it. Tesla is being absolutely mangled, which tells you which type of mutual funds and ETFs are being redeemed (liquidated?) today.

I have some buy limit orders in at completely out...

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### Zero Hedge

#### Asian EM Stocks Clubbed Into Corrections As Monetary Tightening Takes Away Punch Bowl

Courtesy of ZeroHedge View original post here.

Major equity indexes in Asia are approaching or have already entered corrections as central banks (ex-China) prepare to hike this year.

On Tuesday, Andrew Tilton, the chief Asia-Pacific economist at Goldman Sachs, told clients that Asian central banks (ex-China) would join the so-called "normalization train" with other monetary authorities and begin to hike interest rates in the second half of the year.

Tilton points out that emerging market policy tightening is well underway. This means EM assets will face a challenging macro backdrop as elevated valuation...

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### Biotech/COVID-19

#### How mRNA and DNA vaccines could soon treat cancers, HIV, autoimmune disorders and genetic diseases

How mRNA and DNA vaccines could soon treat cancers, HIV, autoimmune disorders and genetic diseases

Nucleic acid vaccines use mRNA to give cells instructions on how to produce a desired protein. Libre de Droit/iStock via Getty Images

Courtesy of Deborah Fuller, University of Washington

The two most successful coronavirus vaccines developed in the U.S. – the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines – are both mRNA vaccines. The idea of using genetic material to produce an immune response has opened up a world of research ...

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### Politics

#### 5 things to know about why Russia might invade Ukraine - and why the US is involved

5 things to know about why Russia might invade Ukraine – and why the US is involved

Courtesy of Tatsiana Kulakevich, University of South Florida

U.S. President Joe Biden said on Jan. 19, 2022, that he thinks Russia will invade Ukraine, and cautioned Russian president Vladimir Putin that he “will regret having done it,” following months of building tension.

Russia has amassed an estimated 100,000 troops along its border with Ukraine over the past several months.

In mid-January, Russia began moving ...

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### Kimble Charting Solutions

#### Nasdaq Erases 7 months of Gains With Sharp Decline! Just Getting Started???

Courtesy of Chris Kimble

The tech wreck has been fast and furious. And considering that the stock market correction is still relatively new, we really don’t know if it will end soon or carry on for weeks/months.

Today’s chart is “linear” and takes a long-term “monthly” view. As you can see, the Nasdaq Composite Index registered a bearish monthly reversal at the top of the channel at (1).

And in the first 21-days of the year, this broad index of technology stocks has wiped out the prior 7 months of gains!...

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### Chart School

#### Bitcoin Swings Down to Support

Come on! Seriously do you think a 400% rally for Bitcoin was going to be given to the public easily. Without any pain! Come on muppets!

The uniformed (public) buy when price is rising or breaking new highs, the informed buy when price is falling or breaking lows.

The informed have to do it this way as they are large volume players and the only way they can buy large volume is to create chaos. The chaos brings to the market the weak holders and a forced sell. Price is moved to where the volume can be accumulated, in a bull trend that is down to critical support.

Of course if price is in a true bull market the 'chaos' created should not break critical long term trend signals, ...

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### Digital Currencies

#### The metaverse is money and crypto is king - why you'll be on a blockchain when you're hopping

The metaverse is money and crypto is king – why you’ll be on a blockchain when you’re virtual-world hopping

In the metaverse, your avatar, the clothes it wears and the things it carries belong to you thanks to blockchain. Duncan Rawlinson - Duncan.co/Flickr, CC BY-NC

Courtesy of Rabindra Ratan, Michigan State University and Dar Meshi, Michigan State University ...

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### Promotions

#### Phil's Interview on Options Trading with TD Bank

TD Bank's host Bryan Rogers interviewed Phil on June 10 as part of TD's Options Education Month. If you missed the program, be sure to watch the video below. It should be required viewing for anyone trading or thinking about trading using options.

Watch here:

Screenshots of TD's slides illustrating Phil's examples:

&n...

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### Mapping The Market

#### Suez Canal: Critical Waterway Comes to a Halt

Suez Canal: Critical Waterway Comes to a Halt

Courtesy of Marcus Lu, Visual Capitalist

The Suez Canal: A Critical Waterway Comes to a Halt

On March 23, 2021, a massive ship named Ever Given became lodged in the Suez Canal, completely blocking traffic in both directions. According to the Suez Canal Authority, the 1,312 foot long (400 m) container ship ran aground during a sandstorm that caused low visibility, impacting the ship’s navigation. The vessel is owned by Taiwanese shipping firm, Evergreen Marine.

With over 2...

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#### Adaptive Fibonacci Price Modeling System Suggests Market Peak May Be Near

Our Adaptive Fibonacci Price Modeling system is suggesting a moderate price peak may be already setting up in the NASDAQ while the Dow Jones, S&P500, and Transportation Index continue to rally beyond the projected Fibonacci Price Expansion Levels.  This indicates that capital may be shifting away from the already lofty Technology sector and into Basic Materials, Financials, Energy, Consumer Staples, Utilities, as well as other sectors.

This type of a structural market shift indicates a move away from speculation and towards Blue Chip returns. It suggests traders and investors are expecting the US consumer to come back strong (or at least hold up the market at...

### Lee's Free Thinking

#### Texas, Florida, Arizona, Georgia - The Branch COVIDIANS Are Still Burning Down the House

Texas, Florida, Arizona, Georgia – The Branch COVIDIANS Are Still Burning Down the House

The numbers of new cases in some of the hardest hit COVID19 states have started to plateau, or even decline, over the past few days. A few pundits have noted it and concluded that it was a hopeful sign.

Is it real or is something else going on? Like a restriction in the numbers of tests, or simply the inability to test enough, or are some people simply giving up on getting tested? Because as we all know from our dear leader, the less testing, the less...

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### Insider Scoop

#### Economic Data Scheduled For Friday

Courtesy of Benzinga

• Data on nonfarm payrolls and unemployment rate for March will be released at 8:30 a.m. ET.
• US Services Purchasing Managers' Index for March is scheduled for release at 9:45 a.m. ET.
• The ISM's non-manufacturing index for March will be released at 10:00 a.m. ET.
• The Baker Hughes North American rig count report for the latest week is scheduled for release at 1:00 p.m. ET.
...

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Philip R. Davis is a founder Phil's Stock World, a stock and options trading site that teaches the art of options trading to newcomers and devises advanced strategies for expert traders...