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AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER): Opportunities In The Fixed Income Crossover Space

By VW Staff. Originally published at ValueWalk.

RP Investment Advisors (“RPIA”) is an investment manager focused on providing solutions in the global fixed income markets. Article by RP Investment Advisor via Capitalize For Kids

Founded in 2009 by former senior executives of RBC Capital Markets, RPIA manages money on behalf of pensions, foundations, endowments, and private wealth clients. RPIA is focused on generating positive, absolute returns from the global fixed income markets irrespective of the direction of interest rates or macro trends.

One important area of the fixed income market through which RPIA has achieved strong returns is the Crossover sub-space. Crossover bonds are a niche part of the market that is under-analyzed and where active managers with flexible mandates can uncover real value. Through in-depth credit analysis the team has uncovered crossover investments that offer attractive relative value with a strong catalyst for capital appreciation.

AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER)

What is the Crossover Sub-Sector?

In broad terms, the global universe of bond investors is bifurcated between investment grade (“IG”) investors and high yield (“HY”) managers. Bond market investors pay very close attention to the credit ratings assigned to issuers by Moody’s, S&P and Fitch rating agencies. The typical investor in IG bonds (for example, an insurance company) is constrained in their investment choices by an explicit set of investment restrictions that typically mean they can only invest in bonds that are sufficiently rated to be in the IG credit indices. In contrast, HY managers have more flexibility to invest in bonds of any rating, but given their target return they typically focus on lower rated HY securities that generate equity-like returns.

Crossover bonds are corporate bonds that have both an IG rating and an HY rating. This puts these securities in a grey area somewhere between the IG universe and the HY universe. As a result, Crossover securities often fall between the cracks and are not analyzed by the majority of fixed income investors.

AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER)

IG managers are prohibited from buying the securities because of their mandates, while HY investors don’t tend to focus on these securities because they are targeting a higher return and must focus on higher yielding and riskier securities. RPIA managed funds have more flexible investment mandates that permit them to invest in Crossover credits in order to take advantage of these market inefficiencies.

AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER)

A growing segment of the bond market

In recent years Crossover rated bonds have been a growing component of the corporate bond market, particularly in the US. In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis many issuers were downgraded to HY. Over time, as such firms improve their credit profiles they are migrating back to IG ratings. In addition, as interest rates have remained very low in the wake of the financial crisis this has driven a great deal of leveraged M&A transactions whereby the acquirer is willing to lever up, be downgraded to HY and work its way back to IG over time.

Specifically, there are currently more than 4,500 Crossover rated securities outstanding in the US market, which is an increase of more than 100% since 2007.

Why is the cross over space interesting for RPIA?

The Crossover space has been an important area of focus and return generation for RPIA funds. Firstly, relative to full IG-rated bonds, Crossover investors often realize a higher spread / yield with a similar volatility profile to IG credits. Figure 1 above shows where Crossover bonds sit on the risk-return frontier versus a range of other investments – highlighting the attractive risk-to-return characteristics of these securities.

Secondly, if an investor is able to successfully identify the Crossover-rated companies which are on a positive ratings trajectory to become fully IG-rated overtime then there exists a strong potential catalyst for capital appreciation. When a Crossover bond becomes an IG index constituent, it generally enters the index at a spread much wider than existing index-eligible comparables. This drives investor buying which drives credit spread compression. Our research team has been very focused on Crossover bonds that have a high degree of likelihood of being upgraded to IG over time.

Another interesting feature of these bonds is that they tend to have shorter maturity terms (less credit duration) than IG bonds. For instance, the credit duration of the BAML Crossover index is 5.5 years versus 7 years for the BAML US Corporate Index. The ability to invest in a security whose rating is on a positive ratings trajectory, with a wider spread/bigger yield and in a shorter credit duration format is a significant competitive advantage for RPIA.

A Case Study: AERCAP

One Crossover credit that has been an important investment for RPIA over time is AerCap (“AER”). In 2014 AER acquired International Lease Finance Corporation (“ILFC”) from AIG, and in so doing AER became the world’s largest independent aircraft leasing company. The company is publicly traded with a USD $7bn market capitalization, $41.4bn of total assets, with a fleet of over 1,500 aircraft (owned and on order) that it leases on a global basis to over 200 customers in 80 countries. AerCap has more than $12bn of public debt outstanding in the USD market that is now rated IG at all three credit rating agencies and is part of the broad IG index.

Additional Spread from Crossover Risk

When one looks at the additional spread investors get paid for assuming crossover risk, we believe this looks attractive relative to the modest increase in credit loss rates.

AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER)

A Smart way to solve the “problem” of Fixed Income returns

Investors in IG fixed income face the challenge of low all-in yields as a result of low government yields and tight corporate spreads. There are a number of ways of approaching this challenge of enhancing the yield of a fixed income portfolio:

  • Extend average term / duration of assets;
  • Give up liquidity by moving from public debt into private debt;
  • Compromise on credit quality by investing in more risky HY rateddebt;
  • Moving into Crossover rated securities

The chart below graphically illustrates these options. We believe that it makes the most sense for investors to boost their portfolio yield by investing in crossover-rated securities rather than extending credit duration / term, giving up liquidity, or moving down the credit spectrum into more speculative HY bonds.

AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER)

In the wake of the acquisition of ILFC, AerCap’s leverage levels increased to fund the acquisition. Specifically, AER’s debt / equity ratio increased to over 4x and that resulted in the rating agencies moving AER’s credit ratings to HY.

The global aircraft leasing industry has had very good fundamentals, with high aircraft leasing utilization rates, low credit issues with airlines generating record profits, high passenger travel growth in markets such as Asia, and robust leasing spreads given low interest rates. The view of our research team was that AER generates a robust return on its capital and through retained earnings it would drive leverage down in a reasonable time frame and regain its IG status. As a

The post AerCap Holdings N.V. (AER): Opportunities In The Fixed Income Crossover Space appeared first on ValueWalk.

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