Posts Tagged ‘alveoli’

Swine Flu Update

Cliff Notes for “Swine flu: One Killer virus, three key questions.”

swine flu virusBy Ilene

Brendan Maher and Declan Butler, authors of a recently published Nature article “Swine flu: One killer virus, three key questions,” set out to answer three questions about the H1N1 virus. Here’s what they found. 

How does it kill?

Sherif Zaki, head of the infectious-disease pathology branch at the Centers for Disease Control, discusses his team’s observations from their pathological studies.    

1.  The H1N1 virus penetrates deep into the alveoli (the terminal air sacs in the lungs). In contrast, the seasonal flu viruses tend to infect cells higher in the upper airways. This deep penetration is reminiscent of the action of the H5N1 avian flu virus. Zaki commented: “[H1N1] is like avian flu on steroids.”  Why might this be?

Zaki says that his observations fit well with recent research looking at the mechanism of infection. A group led by Mikhail Matrosovich at Philipps University Marburg in Germany and Ten Feizi at Imperial College London studied sialyl glycans, glycoproteins that the flu virus binds to in order to gain entry to human cells. Although seasonal strains of H1N1 bind mostly to versions of the glycoproteins known as α2-6, the researchers found that the new pandemic H1N1 can also bind to a version called α2-3, which is found in greater proportion in the lower respiratory tract.

2.  In patients who have died, co-infection was common with H1N1.  Zaki’s group observed infection with bacteria such as Staph aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae in about a third of the fatal swine-flu cases. However, in the remaining two thirds of fatal cases, the virus was lethal alone.  The damage seen in the lungs is characterized as ‘diffuse alveolar damage,’ reflecting a very difficult to treat state of respiratory distress syndrome. According to Zaki’s research, about 90% of the fatal cases had some underlying medical condition.

Zaki expects the number of flu cases to increase as the flu season “ramps up.”

How does H1N1 spread?

Brendan Maher visited Peter Palese’s laboratory at Mount Sinai School of Medicine where testing for how the viruses spread is being carried out. Researchers John Steel and Anice Lowen compared the transmissibility of H1N1 to that of seasonal flu using a guinea pig model. Their data indicate that the H1N1 virus transmits as efficiently as seasonal flu viruses, which is consistent with real-world data showing…
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Zero Hedge

Just In Time! Lenders Seek Congressional Approval For No Income Mortgages

Courtesy of ZeroHedge View original post here.

Authored by Mike Shedlock via MishTalk,

Here we go again. The mortgage lending industry seeks to eliminate debt-to-income rules for home buyers.

At the peak of every boom comes one final act of repetitive stupidity. This may be it.

...

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The Technical Traders

TRADING STRATEGIES FOR GDXJ, SPY, BONDS, AND NATURAL GAS

Courtesy of Technical Traders

Chris Vermeulen joins me today to shares his trading strategy for 4 different markets. While most of these markets are not correlated he has reasons for why he is long in each. Pick and choose where you want to deploy your capital.

Get Chris’ Trade Signals Today – Click Here

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Phil's Favorites

Three Things You Can Learn This Week

 

Three Things You Can Learn This Week

Courtesy of 

Three weeks into January and the squad is firing on all cylinders. Three things you can learn this week courtesy of Nick, Michael and Ben:

You will often hear that there is something wrong or artificial about the current secular bull market because of the relatively high concentration of the FAAMG stocks – Facebook, Apple, Amazon, Microsoft and Google. Three of the five have attained trillion dollar market caps and the other two are getting cl...



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Insider Scoop

Benzinga Pro's Top 5 Stocks To Watch For Wed., Jan. 22, 2020: NFLX, TSLA, NNVC, SKT, SPCE

Courtesy of Benzinga

Benzinga Pro's Stocks To Watch For Wednesday

  • Netflix (NFLX) - Shares were up just 0.4% following a Q4 beat and mixed Q1 guidance. The company said it expects Q1 global streaming paid net subscriber additions of about 7 million subs.
  • Tesla (TSLA) - With Tesla shares up 5% in pre-market activity, the company's market cap, at market open, will hit $100 billion for the first time in its history. While a Neutral-rated Wedbush analyst, Daniel Ives, raised his price target on the stock from $370 to $550 this morning, this news item isn't necessarily driving the stock Wednesday as this analyst was mostly playing catch up after not having updated his price targ...


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Kimble Charting Solutions

Hang Seng Index Double Topping At 2007 Highs?

Courtesy of Chris Kimble

Could the Hang Seng Index be “Double Topping” at its 2007 highs? Possible, yet not proven!

The Hang Seng Index attempted to break above its 2007 highs at (1), only to see a key reversal pattern take place the following month.

After the reversal pattern, the index has created a series of lower highs, just below falling resistance.

So far this month, the index is attempting to break above falling resistance, where it could be created a bearish reversal monthly pattern at (2).

What would it take to prove that a double top was i...



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Chart School

RTT browsing latest..

Courtesy of Read the Ticker

Please review a collection of WWW browsing results. The information here is delayed by a few months, members get the most recent content.



Date Found: Monday, 16 September 2019, 05:22:48 PM

Click for popup. Clear your browser cache if image is not showing.


Comment: This chart says SP500 should go back to 2016 levels (overshoot will occur of course)



Date Found: Tuesday, 17 September 2019, 01:53:30 AM

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Comment: This would be HUGE...got gold!


...

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Members' Corner

The War on All Fact People

 

David Brin shares an excerpt from his new book on the relentless war against democracy and how we can fight back. You can also read the first, second and final chapters of Polemical Judo at David's blog Contrary Brin.

The War on All Fact People 

Excerpted from David Brin's new book, the beginning of chapter 5, Polemical Judo: Memes...



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Lee's Free Thinking

Why Blaming the Repo Market is Like Blaming the Australian Bush Fires

 

Why Blaming the Repo Market is Like Blaming the Australian Bush Fires

Courtesy of  

The repo market problem isn’t the problem. It’s a sideshow, a diversion, and a joke. It’s a symptom of the problem.

Today, I got a note from Liquidity Trader subscriber David, a professional investor, and it got me to thinking. Here’s what David wrote:

Lee,

The ‘experts’ I hear from keep saying that once 300B more in reserves have ...



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Digital Currencies

Cryptos Have Surged Since Soleimani Death, Bitcoin Tops $8,000

Courtesy of ZeroHedge View original post here.

Bitcoin is up over 15% since the assassination of Iran General Soleimani...

Source: Bloomberg

...topping $8,000 for the first time since before Thanksgiving...

Source: Bloomberg

Testing its key 100-day moving-average for the first time since October...

...



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Biotech

Why telling people with diabetes to use Walmart insulin can be dangerous advice

Reminder: We are available to chat with Members, comments are found below each post.

 

Why telling people with diabetes to use Walmart insulin can be dangerous advice

A vial of insulin. Prices for the drug, crucial for those with diabetes, have soared in recent years. Oleksandr Nagaiets/Shutterstock.com

Courtesy of Jeffrey Bennett, Vanderbilt University

About 7.4 million people ...



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Mapping The Market

How IPOs Are Priced

Via Jean Luc 

Funny but probably true:

...

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Promotions

Free eBook - "My Top Strategies for 2017"

 

 

Here's a free ebook for you to check out! 

Phil has a chapter in a newly-released eBook that we think you’ll enjoy.

In My Top Strategies for 2017, Phil's chapter is Secret Santa’s Inflation Hedges for 2017.

This chapter isn’t about risk or leverage. Phil present a few smart, practical ideas you can use as a hedge against inflation as well as hedging strategies designed to assist you in staying ahead of the markets.

Some other great content in this free eBook includes:

 

·       How 2017 Will Affect Oil, the US Dollar and the European Union

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