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Half All Mortgage Holders Are Expected To Be Underwater

Half All Mortgage Holders Are Expected To Be Underwater

By Barbara Kiviat, courtesy of TIME

mortgages house loan bank fail crisis
 
amanaimages / Corbis, courtesy of TIME

If you’re not already underwater on your mortgage, there’s a decent chance you will be. According to a new report from Deutsche Bank, up to 25 million American homeowners could eventually owe more than their house is worth. That would account for 48% of all mortgage holders.

This isn’t the first time we’ve heard exceptional numbers on upside-down borrowers. First American CoreLogic figures there were already 11 million homeowners in that position at the end of last year, and Moody’s Economy.com estimates we had reached 15 million by the end of March. The Deutsche Bank projection, the direst so far, assumes house prices nationwide will drop another 14%. (See how Americans are spending now.)

The problem is already a massive one. When the value of a house is less than its mortgage, a homeowner can’t sell and pay off his debt. If a house becomes unaffordable—because of job loss, say, or an adjusting mortgage interest rate—a homeowner is trapped. Academic research shows that underwater borrowers are more likely to default on their mortgage than those with positive equity. (See a chart showing the highest percentage of underwater borrowers.)

The Deustche Bank report adds another wrinkle. So far, the highest rates of underwater borrowers have been found among those people with subprime, Alt-A and Option-ARM loans. These loans, often sold to people with low credit scores or those stretching to be able to afford a house, were largely peddled at the height of the boom, and therefore often correspond to home prices that had nowhere to go but down. However, according to Deutsche Bank’s projections, a second-wave of upside borrowers is about to hit, and this time prime borrowers will account for the bulk. As of the end of March, the bank estimated that 16% of prime borrowers with conforming loans were underwater. By the end of March 2011, some 41% are projected to be. And about half of those are expected to owe at least 25% more than their house’s value.

The "good" news is that the worst of the problem is fairly concentrated geographically. Places where house prices have fallen the most have been hit the worst. That includes areas that saw the wildest speculation and overbuilding—like California, Florida, Arizona and Nevada—and those that have been gutted the worst economically—like Ohio and Michigan.

But that doesn’t mean there aren’t grim pockets elsewhere. By the end of March 2011, Deutsche Bank projects 65% of borrowers in the Chicago metro area will be underwater, 71% of those in the Baltimore and Portland, Ore. areas, and 77% in greater New York City. On paper, that might look a lot better than the 93% Deutsche Bank is expecting for Fort Lauderdale, Fla. and 92% for El Centro, Calif. But to the people living in those houses, unable to move, the relative good fortune will likely be little consolation.

 

 


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